Monday, September 7, 2009

Homemade cosmetics. Part 2. Daily routines: Makeup removal. Cleansing and exfoliating. Toning.

6 September 2009.

Hi there!
It's me Svetlana. Let's start with daily routines.

Home skin care step-by-step with home made cosmetics

Step 1. Makeup removal (daily).

Remove all face and neck makeup with a cotton ball dipped in milk or yogurt; remove eye makeup with a cotton ball dipped in olive oil.

Step 2. Cleansing (daily) and exfoliating (once or twice a week).

Any skin treatments care routine starts with cleansing.

Cleansers for normal skin

1. Take 2-3 Tbsp of ground oatmeal or cornmeal (use coffee grinder for fine consistency) and add enough plain yogurt to form a paste. Gently rub into the skin of face and neck and rinse off.

2. Apply whole milk to your face and neck with a cotton pad, rub gently and then rinse with water thoroughly.

3. Mix of 1/4 tablespoon lime or lemon juice and 1 tablespoon cucumber juice. Apply to the face and neck, rinse thoroughly.

Cleansers for oily skin

1. Lemon juice. Soak a piece of cotton and cleanse the skin. Rinse off.

2. Vinegar (any kind). Cleanse the skin with pure or diluted vinegar. Rinse off.

3. Milk or yogurt. Apply to face and neck with a cottonball. Rinse off.

Cleansers for dry skin

1. Ground oatmeal combined with honey to form a paste. Rub into the skin gently and rinse off.

2. Ground oatmeal combined with yogurt to form a paste. Gently apply to face and neck. Rinse off.

3. Grind a cucumber and add some milk. Apply to face and neck, rinse off.

After cleansing do not forget gentle skin exfoliation (using a facial scrub). Exfoliation, or removal of the dead layer of skin periodically, gives the skin more youthful complexion, refreshes, and promotes regeneration of the new skin. Regular facial exfoliation can increase your skin’s ability to absorb moisture which in time can reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles as well as diminish acne and acne scarring. In the meantime, exfoliation can improve the overall health of your skin and manage flakes and dryness. There are three types of exfoliation: manual (the simplest and cheapest, can be done at home), chemical, and enzyme exfoliation (both done either by a beautician or using expensive commercial products). I will only cover manual exfoliation.

Manual exfoliation is best suited for oily and normal skin, and is generally not fit to treat acne or sensitive skin since it may cause irritation. Dry skin can be exfoliated very gently and rather infrequently to avoid making dryness worse. If you have dry skin, exfoliate not more than twice a month, and avoid exfoliation in cold winter months when skin is more dry naturally. Fod dry skin exfoliating treatments should always be followed my moisturizing (see below).

Exfoliate after you cleanse and remove all traces of makeup from face and neck. You may use a sof washcloth or tips of your fingers to genly rub an exfoliating scrub over the surface of the skin.

Facial scrubs.

1. The simplest and very effective facial scrub is baking soda or fine salt. Rub over skin in circular motions and rinse off.

2. Finely ground oatmeal (ground in a coffee grinder) can be used effectively. Put 2-3 tablespoons of finely ground oatmeal in cheesecloth. Dampen the cloth and scrub gently over the surface of your skin. You may also add baking soda to the oatmeal in order to create a paste. Rinse off.

3. Mix sugar, honey, and a little bit of lemon juice to form a paste. Rub over the face and neck in circular motions, rinse off.

Step 3. Toning (daily).

Toners/Astringents/Pore reducers

All of the above terms can be used interchangeably and mean a wash or lotion designed to cleanse the skin and shrink pores. After cleansing face and neck, they can be applied with a cotton ball, or as a gauze facial mask and left for several minutes. They can be followed by applying moisturizer in case of normal or dry skin, or can be used without it if the skin is oily. Virtually all commercial toners (with very rare exceptions) contain alcohol (from traces to as much as 60% in some astringents), so they can dry the skin and leave it pealing and flaky. Not a good idea for women who seek just the opposite. Fortunately, our cheap and effective homemade solutions are available.

1. Cucumber toner: mash pulp or apply juice over the face and neck for several minutes. Wash off with lukewarm water.

2. Egg white toner (strong): after cleansing the skin with a natural cleanser apply raw egg white (avoid getting it in your mouth!) and leave on for 15-20 minutes. Wash off with lukewarm water.

3. Lavender or rosewater (petals) toner (for all skin types): make a cup of strong infusion of one of the herbs, used when cooled. Keep in the fridge and use within the next 2-3 days. A good reason not to throw out any rose petals anymore. One can use them either fresh or dry. When your rose bouquet loses its freshness, carefully remove petals, and spread them on a horizontal surface and let air dry for a couple of days, then store in a plastic or glass container for later use.

4. Lemon toner: dilute lemon juice with water; apply carefully to avoid eye area. Wash off after several minutes. Lemon is a great but strong natural astringent with very high acidity and should not be used on sensitive skin.

5. Protein toner: whisk together one egg, one tablespoon milk, and one teaspoon honey. Apply to face and neck for 10-15 min, wash off with lukewarm water. Store the remaining mixture in the fridge and use within the next day.

6. Strawberry toner: simply mash a couple of fresh strawberries and apply to face and neck for 15 min. Serves as an astringent, as well as a great mask. Strawberries can be quite acidic and should not be used for very sensitive skin.

7. Tomato toner: juice one large tomato and apply juice to face and neck with a cotton ball. Rinse off with cool water.

Of course, there are many recipes of homemade toners containing multiple ingredients, sometimes fancy and even exotic. But there is absolutely no need to spend extra bucks on something that could cost much less and have the same great effect, unless, of course, you are Madonna or Oprah Winfrey (but in this case you probably would not need this book, either). Cheap beauty chicks like you and I opt for the simplest great solutions that can be easily found in our kitchens and gardens and preferably cost close to nothing!

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